He stares vacantly into the camera and recites Shakespeare's words as if he'd memorized them seconds before, or maybe was reading from idiot cards. To stop Caesar from gaining too much power, Brutus and the conspirators kill him on the Ides of March. Brutus is troubled but will not confide in his devoted wife, Portia. Upon seeing Cassius, Caesar informs Antony that he would rather be surrounded by men who are fat and happy than thin men like Cassius. The conspirator Casca enters and tells Brutus of a ceremony held by the plebeians. Act 1 Scene 2. On 15 March, Caesar's wife, Calpurnia, urges him not to go to the Senate. You'll get access to all of the Julius Caesar content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Brutus convinces Cassius during the strategy meeting that it would be best for them to march to where Antony and Octavius are located in Philippi (near modern Greece) in order to defeat them before they get too strong, gaining additional soldiers on their march. (3.2.44). Brutus stoically receives news of his wife's suicide in Rome. Public vs. However, Decius, one of the conspirators, arrives and reinterprets Calpurnia's dream to mean that all of Rome sucked the reviving blood of Caesar for its benefit. For each quote, you can also see the other characters and themes related to it (each theme is indicated by its own dot and icon, like this one: ). He himself stays up reading, but he is disturbed by the ghost of Julius Caesar who appears. It is so good in fact that we ranked it No. He is allowed under the condition that first Brutus must address the people to explain the conspirators' reasons and their fears for Caesar's ambition. On the other hand, if Caesar were wholly the bloody tyrant, there would be little cause for Brutus' hesitation and no justification for Antony's thirst for revenge. Gaius Julius Caesar was born in the small town of Subura, Rome in July 100 BC. He starts to tell Casca about the plot to kill Caesar, but Cinna shows up and interrupts him. Caesar fails to understand the many signs indicating a plot against him and is killed by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Brutus. It's a neat trick. Julius Caesar Summary. Cassius informs Brutus that he is forming a plot against Caesar and wants Brutus to join it. They meet with Brutus and Cassius before entering battle, but only exchange insults. Antony has a paper with names on it and he says, "These many, then, shall die; their names are pricked" (4.1.1). He is worried that Cassius is dangerous because he "thinks too much" (1.2.193-196). He makes them go to sleep. The victory is marked by public games in which Caesar's protégé, Mark Antony, takes part. Share. It is the feast of Lupercalia, February 15, a day when two men run through the street and strike those they meet with goatskin thongs. Summary: Act IV, scene i. Antony meets Octavius and Lepidus at his house. Cassius and Brutus argue until Cassius, in exasperation, pulls out his dagger and asks Brutus to kill him if he hates so. They map out their plans to scour the city and make a list of names of those whom they wish to kill, including relatives and friends. His reasons for reaching this conclusion are that Caesar is abusing his power and that has ascended far too quickly. In 44 BCE, conspirators, claiming they feared Julius Caesar was aiming to become king, assassinated Julius Caesar on the Ides of March. He ends his speech by asking the crowd if they want him to commit suicide for what he has done, to which they reply, "Live, Brutus, live, live!" The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1599. He convinces them to only kill Caesar, and not his most loyal friend Antony, because he does not want them to "seem too bloody" (2.1.162). The independent charity that cares for the world’s greatest Shakespeare heritage sites in Stratford-upon-Avon, and promotes the enjoyment and understanding of his works, life and times all over the world. Caesar learned early that Roman politics was bloody and factional. Julius Caesar was a general, politician and scholar who became dictator of ancient Rome until he was assassinated in 44 B.C., inspiring a play by Shakespeare. Cassius Poisons Mind of Brutus. Highly-placed Romans plot the murder of Julius Caesar. Caesar was born into the Roman political ruling class, on 12th or 13th July, 100 BC. Antony has joined with Caesar's great-nephew, Octavius, and with a man called Lepidus. Both had been republican officials, but the Julian clan’s greatest link to high power when Julius was born was through marriage. Antony takes full advantage of his speech and informs the crowd that Caesar was a selfless man who cared for Rome above everything. Critics often point out Brutus' tactical errors which lead to his eventual loss. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈ s iː z ər / SEE-zər, Latin: [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the … Of course, Brutus refuses. Winning the war, Caesar became Roman dictator for life. Julius Caesar Summary is divided by the five acts of the play and is an ideal introduction before reading the original text. "Pompey the Great") was a member of the "first triumvirate," and he and Caesar used to share power over Rome. Sorry, I can't give you less than five sentences but here is a really short summary: Julius Caesar opens with a scene of class conflict, the plebeians versus the tribunes. Threaded through Julius Caesar is the topic of publicly enacted ritual and the extra-verbal meanings it can carry: in Caesar’s carefully staged public appearance, in Brutus’s rather crazed idea that the conspirators bathe in the blood of Caesar to convey the idea of religious sacrifice, and in the staged suicides in the last Act, the players turn to ceremony to give some … It is one of four plays written by Shakespeare based on true events from Roman history, the others being Coriolanus, Titus Andronicus, and Antony and Cleopatra. Cassius, less militarily adept, quickly begins losing to Antony's forces. The plebeians are celebrating Caesar's victory over the sons of Pompey, one of the former leaders of Rome. Caesar’s father’s sister was married to Gaius Marius, a giant of Roman life and seven times consul. The conspirators arrive at the Senate House and Caesar assumes his seat. The first scene opens with two tribunes, Marullus and Flavius. Celebrating Shakespeare is at the heart of everything we do. The most famous Ancient Roman of them all was never himself Emperor. Julius Caesar Plot Summary. Upon hearing this news, Cassius orders Pindarus to kill him. The priests tell him that the animal did not have a heart, a very bad sign. Summary. The victory is marked by public games in which Caesar’s friend, Mark Antony, takes part. After finding Cassius's body, Brutus commits suicide. Caesar refuses to look at what Artemidorus offers him on account of its being personal. Shelby, C. ed. At the Senate, they and the other conspirators stab … Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? Julius Caesar Summary. Portia and Lucius enter the street in front of Brutus' house, where Portia is extremely excited. Fate. Casca soon joins them, and informs them that the cheers they heard were Caesar turning down the crown. Brutus runs into his sword as Strato holds it for him, killing himself. Brutus interprets the letter as if it were a request from all of Rome to slay Caesar and restore the republic. A soothsayer warns Julius Caesar to beware the Ides of March (15 th of March). On Casca's comment, "Speak hands for me" (3.1.76) the group attacks Caesar, stabbing him to death. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Julius Caesar. Caesar orders Mark Antony to strike his wife Calpurnia in order to cure her barrenness. William Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" as never seen before! Julius Caesar E-Text contains the full text of Julius Caesar. Brutus has instead punished the man for accepting bribes, an act which provided one of the reason's for Caesar's murder. Julius Caesar Act I Summary. However, he continues to refuse to change the sentence even as all of the conspirators gather around him. Julius Caesar is one of my favourite Shakespeare plays. The plebeians are celebrating Caesar's victory over the sons of Pompey, one... Brutus and Mark Antony speak to the same crowd about the same man and the same event with very different outcomes of mind. To stop Caesar from gaining too much power, Brutus and the conspirators kill him on the Ides of March. Julius Caesar Summary in English by William Shakespeare Julius Caesar Summary in English. Their rioting develops into pure anarchy. Manhood and Honor. Caesar sends a servant to order the priests to do sacrifices and report back to him the results of their auguries. Antony suggests that, as a way of saving money, they examine Caesar’s will to see if they can redirect some of his funds. Click to copy Summary. After doing so, they visit Brutus at night in his home to persuade him of their views. Julius Caesar Summary and Analysis of Act 4 Act Four, Scene One Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. He helped create the Gregorian calendar used today; the month July is actually named after him! At the age of 16, Julius Caesar's father passed away. In Julius Caesar, Act I is important for laying the groundwork for everything else that will happen in the play. A crowd of plebeians follows Brutus and Cassius, demanding satisfaction. She has had visionary dreams and fears the portents of the overnight storms. You'll get access to all of the Julius Caesar content, as well as access to more than 30,000 additional guides and more than 350,000 Homework Help questions answered by our experts. Julius Caesar has just reentered Rome in triumph after a victory in Spain over the sons of his old enemy, Pompey the Great. When he was 16, his father, an important regional governor in Asia also named Gaius Julius Caesar… Julius Caesar, born in 100 B.C. Julius Caesar is offered a crown by Mark Antony but he refuses the offer three times and is praised by the commoners. Antony, triumphant on the battlefield, praises Brutus as 'the noblest Roman of them all' and orders a formal funeral before he and Octavius return to rule in Rome. Julius Caesar literature essays are academic essays for citation. Early Life. Lucius, Brutus' servant, brings him a letter (planted by Cassius) he has found in Brutus' private room. Summary. Octavius, unemotional through all of the carnage, merely ends the play with the lines, "So call the field to rest, and let's away / To part the glories of this happy day" (5.5.79-80). The tragedy of Julius Caesar, New Haven: Yale … Brutus tells him he cannot commit to anything immediately. Julius Caesar is a famous Roman general and husband to Calpurnia. Away from Rome, Brutus and Cassius are filled with doubts about the future and quarrel over funds for their soldiers' pay. He hands Cinna some letters to plant anonymously in Brutus' home and invites Casca to dinner that night in order to convince him to join the conspiracy. The tribunes of Rome, Marullus and Flavius, break up a gathering of citizens who want to celebrate Julius Caesar's triumphant return from war. On the battlefield at Philippi, Antony and Octavius agree to their battle plans. They offered Caesar a crown three times, and he refused it every time. He leaves Cassius behind. On the 15th March Caesar is urged not to go to … Meanwhile, Cassius tries to persuade Brutus that Caesar is dangerously ambitious. Cassius and Brutus set up camp in Sardis, located in what is now western Turkey. Gaius Julius Caesar (/ ˈsiːzər / SEE-zər, Latin : [ˈɡaːi.ʊs ˈjuːli.ʊs ˈkae̯.sar]; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. It is one of the several plays written by Shakespeare based on true events from Roman history, … resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. "Julius Caesar Summary". He believes this to be the only honourable option left to him. It is also the longest act of the play. The conspirators, now led by Brutus and Cassius, dip their hands in Caesar's blood and prepare to run to the streets crying out "peace, freedom, and liberty" (3.1.111). The two men embrace and forget their differences. Brutus' first grave mistake is allowing Mark Antony to live. Read a character analysis of Brutus, plot summary, and important quotes. First performed around 1599, when the English royal succession was uncertain, Julius Caesar confronts the dangers of political turmoil. When the play starts, he is the only man capable of giving orders and ensuring they are carried out. Two tribunes, Flavius and Murellus, find scores of Roman citizens wandering the streets, neglecting their work in order to watch Julius Caesar’s triumphal parade: Caesar has defeated the sons of the deceased Roman general Pompey, his archrival, in battle. Mark Antony drives the … Mark Antony drives the conspirators out of Rome and fights them in a battle. Brutus calls some men into his tent in case he needs to send them away as messengers during the night. Meanwhile, Brutus and Cassius meet and talk about how much power Caesar has gained. Antony tells him not to worry about Cassius. Some may argue that he was a hero through his actions, but in my opinion, he was a traitor since he took part in the assassination of his friend, the remarkable Julius Cesar. Julius Caesar Summary. in Gaul, Germany, and Britain.And, as an aid to his readers, he provides expository information for those who are unfamiliar with the far-off lands and people encountered during his forays. Julius Caesar was the Roman dictator with divine honors, but he didn't have a crown. Cassius' fears are justified... Julius Caesar study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Brutus has a more balanced view of the political position. They move out into the streets of Rome and Cassius and Brutus split up in order to speak to the plebeians. Finally, Strato accepts Brutus' request. Julius Caesar is offered a crown by Mark Antony but he refuses the offer three times and is praised by the commoners. Act III of Julius Caesar might be considered the climax, or most intense part or the play, because this is where all of Brutus' conflict comes to a head. Classification of the Main Characters of William Shakespeare's The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Shakespeare's Presentation of the Character of Mark Antony in 'Julius Caesar', Julius Caesar, Act II, Scene 1: A lesson is dramatic effectiveness, View Wikipedia Entries for Julius Caesar…. In Julius Caesar, Act I is important for laying the groundwork for everything else that will happen in the play.The first scene opens with two tribunes, Marullus and Flavius. However, his greatest mistake is allowing Antony to speak to the crowds. J. N. Smith. cause severe problems and manipulate their subjects. Caesar has returned in triumph from the war against Pompey, though tribunes Marullus and Flavius express their discontent to the people at the outcome. Caesar arrives with his entourage, including his wife Calphurnia and loyal friend Antony.A Soothsayer in the crowd calls out a warning to Caesar, saying ‘Beware the ides of March’, but Caesar dismisses it. He also reads them Caesar's will, in which Caesar leaves public land and money to each Roman citizen. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this Julius Caesar study guide. Julius Caesar, an able general and a conqueror, returns to Rome amidst immense popularity after defeating the sons of Pompey. He was named Gaius Julius Caesar, like his father and grandfather before him. Julius Caesar opens in 44 B.C., at a time when Rome ruled territories stretching from as far north as Britain to as far east as Persia. Brutus discovers the letters from Cinna, not knowing who wrote them. He decided to join the military at the age of 19. Cassius Poisons Mind of Brutus. Analysis. Rome's senators became increasingly factionalized causing internal disarray, which allowed the more successful military generals gain power. In most cases, people tend to use all the means available to rise to power. William Shakespeare was a lot inspired by the wars of his time period. Antony's speech stirs the crowd into a murderous riot, and the conspirators are forced to flee from the city. Antony and Octavius arrive and find Brutus dead upon the ground. Caesar is nevertheless persuaded by flattery to go to the Capitol. Jealous conspirators convince Caesar's friend Brutus to join their assassination plot against Caesar. The Julius Caesar quotes below are all either spoken by Julius Caesar or refer to Julius Caesar. Caesar refuses, but is surprised when Brutus and then Cassius come forward and plead for the brother as well. Julius Caesar | Act 3, Scene 1 | Summary Share. Basically, the role of these men is … Casca then says that Caesar swooned and fell down with his... Julius Caesar short summary from act 1 all scenes less than 5 sentences. They fear he will accept offers to become Emperor. The tribunes verbally attack the masses for their fickleness in celebrating the defeat of a man who was once their leader. Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar became very popular and was recognized as a hero from his time serving in the military. When Gaius Marius was overthrown by the … He then sees Caesar's ghost as he tries to rest and is unable to sleep on the eve of the conflict. A soothsayer warns Julius Caesar to beware the Ides of March (15 th of March). Cassius, Casca, and their allies, visit Brutus at night to persuade him of their views, and they plan Caesars death. The plebeians are celebrating Caesar's victory over the sons of Pompey, one of the former leaders of Rome. Fellow senators, Caius Cassius and Marcus Brutus, are suspicious of Caesars reactions to the power he holds in the Republic. In the battle, the Republicans (led by Brutus) appear to be winning at first. The author from the play is named William Shakespeare, The United Kingdom is the country where William Shakespeare born in April 1564. Antony arrives and begs them to let him take the body and give Caesar a public eulogy. The soothsayer points out that the day's not over. As a crowd gathers in front of the Capitol, Caesar arrives at the Senate House. In the middle of the battle Brutus sees a chance to destroy Octavius' army and rushes away to attack it. Cicero tells him that men construe omens the way they see fit. Julius Caesar was the Roman dictator with divine honors, but he didn't have a crown. The tribunes verbally attack the masses for their fickleness in celebrating the defeat of a man who was once their leader. He, Antony and Lepidus form a second triumvirate and prepare to purge the city of anyone who is against them. In the ancient Rome, it was harmful for a leader to have much power. But the conspirators are still wary of his aspirations. It’s also the feast of Lupercal, an annual Roman holiday. Julius Caesar by Shakespeare summary in under five minutes! chapters. Private. Awake, and see thyself" (2.1.46). Cassius eventually arrives and learns from Casca that the senators are planning on making Caesar a king the next morning. Julius Caesar by Shakespeare summary in under five minutes! Julius Caesar Summary. Calpurnia has been talking in her sleep, dreaming of his murder. Brutus agrees, overriding Cassius' misgivings about allowing Antony to speak. It’s a classic tale, full to the brim of great speeches! Julius Caesar opens with a scene of class conflict, the plebeians versus the tribunes. Casca remains onstage with Brutus and Cassius and tells them that the three shouts they heard were because Antony offered Caesar the crown three times, but he turned it down each time. Thank you for your support to help care for the world's greatest Shakespeare heritage and keep his story alive. 2. After making amends, they prepare to engage Antony's army at Philippi, despite Cassius' misgivings about the site. Julius Caesar Summary in English Julius Caesar is the story of a man’s personal dilemma over moral action, set against a backdrop of strained political drama. Plot Summary. On his way to the arena Caesar is stopped by a stranger who warns that he should ‘beware the … Works Cited: Shakespeare, William, and Lawrence Mason. The easy-to-follow condensed version of the classic tale. Julius Caesar is still known today for many things: He is known as the most famous leader of Rome. In 44 BCE, conspirators, claiming they feared Julius Caesar was aiming to become king, assassinated Julius Caesar on the Ides of March. With Robert Stephens, Frank Finlay, Maurice Denham, Edward Woodward. Brutus meets with Cassius and the other conspirators and shakes all their hands, agreeing to join their plot. But Julius Caesar’s military and political domination of Rome – as popular general, consul and finally dictator – made the switch from republican to imperial government possible. Fellow senators, Caius Cassius and Marcus Brutus, are suspicious of Caesar's reactions to the power he holds in the Republic. Basically, the role of these men is to keep order in the streets, something like policemen. Cassius reluctantly agrees to Brutus' plan and departs for the night. The story in Twenty Minutes (2017) The activity can be found on page 3 and takes approximately 40 minutes. She swallowed live embers after Antony and Octavius assumed power. GradeSaver, 21 September 2005 Web. The highlight of his speech is when he pulls out Caesar's will and reads from it, telling the citizens that Caesar has given every Roman a part of his inheritance, in both land and dachmas. The Summary of Julius Caesar is given below: The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a tragedy believed to have been written in 1599. When the play opens, Julius Caesar has just returned to Rome after defeating the sons of Pompey in battle. Brutus is so shaken by this image that he wakes up all the men in his tent and sends them to Cassius with orders that Cassius should depart before him the next morning. Brutus and his friend Cassius lose and kill themselves, leaving Antony to rule in Rome. Cassius, a successful general himself, is jealous of Caesar. Before we go any further, let's pause for a brief Roman history lesson. Julius Caesar study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. He explains, "What touches us ourself shall be last served" (3.1.7). Julius Caesar Summary provides a quick review of the play's plot including every important action in the play. Antony comments that he has done his part in creating social upheaval, and now must wait to see what happens. Battle is imminent. During their conversation they are interrupted three times by cheers from the crowd. They fear he will accept offers to become Emperor. This helped Julius Caesar rise as an important Roman figure. Julius Caesar enters in his nightgown, unable to sleep. Caesar ignores the man and dismisses him as a dreamer. The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars, but in ourselves. But when Cassius' messenger's horse seems to be overtaken by the enemy, Cassius fears the worst and gets his servant to help him to a quick death. Act 3, Scene 1 Summary and Analysis. During the festivities, a soothsayer warns Caesar to “Beware the idea of March”—an omen Caesar quickly dismisses. After completing the task, Pindarus flees. The other conspirators, including Brutus and Cassius, arrive at his house to escort him to the Senate House. Julius Caesar was a Roman legislator and general who assumed a basic part in the occasions that prompted the disintegration of the Roman Republic and the ascent of the Roman Empire. © 2020 Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Registered Charity Number 209302, Read the latest about our response to Covid-19 A soothsayer calls out to Caesar as he passes and warns him against the ides of March, March 15. Set in Rome in 44 BC, the play depicts the moral dilemma of Brutus as he joins a conspiracy led by Cassius to murder Julius … The play opens with Julius Caesar ’s triumphal entry into Rome after defeating his rival, Pompey. Cassius amd Brutus discuss their fears that Caesar’s ambition is to become king, despite learning from Casca that he had refused the … Omens continue to fill the sky. At first he refuses, but after she stabs herself in the thigh to prove her strength and ability to keep a secret he agrees to inform her. All four men return to their armies to prepare for war. A sleepless Brutus paces his orchard, considering an impossible dilemma. how could the same audience be convinced to view Cesar’s death one way then take the opposite point of view after the second man has. A man named Artemidorus then comes up to him and tries to give him a letter revealing the entire conspiracy, but Decius cleverly tells Caesar the Trebonius has a suit he would like Caesar to read instead. The Question and Answer section for Julius Caesar is a great When two underlings enter the tent, Brutus stops talking about Portia and focuses on the military matters at hand. In fact, when one of the men asks him about his wife, he denies having heard any news about her. Cassius, a successful general himself, is jealous, while Brutus has a more balanced view of the political position. During the celebrations, a soothsayer warns Caesar to beware the Ides of March. Pompey (a.k.a. Julius Caesar Summary. Next, Brutus allows Antony to speak and returns home. Caesar, naturally superstitious, orders the priests to kill an animal and read the entrails to see if he should go to the Senate that day. They review a list of names, deciding who must be killed. A friend of Caesar. If Brutus and Cassius were eminently evil men insidiously planning the cold-blooded murder of an eminently admirable ruler, Julius Caesar would be little more than a melodrama of suspense and revenge. Julius Caesar opens with a scene of class conflict, the plebeians versus the tribunes. Antony remarks, "This was the noblest Roman of them all" (5.5.67). He reads one of the letters and interprets it as a request to prevent Caesar from seizing power. Caesar asserts, "The Ides of March are come," implying that despite the soothsayer's earlier warning, he's still alive. However the latter ignores this. Next, Brutus sadly informs Cassius that his wife Portia is dead. The play opens with a group that has assembled to praise the triumph of Julius Caesar over the children of Pompey. There's hardly any way to describe how Jason Robards brings "Julius Caesar" to its knees, but let me try. People who take power for granted can . However the latter ignores this. Brutus and Cassius gather an army in Northern Greece and prepare to fight the forces led by Mark Antony. The following activity is a great way to introduce the story of Julius Caesar to a group of students who are getting to know the play. Casca meets with Cicero and tells the orator that there are many strange things happening in Rome that night, such as a lion in the streets and an owl screeching during the day. Cassius recruits Caesar’s friend Brutus to help. Even worse, Pindarus misleads him, telling him Titinius has been taken by the enemy near Cassius' tents. Politics and Morality. Antony. The first line of the letter reads, "Brutus, thou sleep'st. Not affiliated with Harvard College. Brutus is in his garden and has decided that Caesar must be killed. While Caesar hailed from Roman aristocrats, his family was far from rich. Brutus attributes the letter to Rome as a whole, saying, "O Rome, I make thee promise" (2.1.56), implying that he will carry out what he perceives as the will of the Roman people. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … 1. Julius Caesar. Brutus defends his murder of Caesar on the grounds that he was removing a tyrant who was destroying the freedom of all Romans. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Julius Caesar, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. According to Casca, Antony offered Caesar a crown three times, and three times he refused it. Julius Caesar Summary. Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar is a book which a person should find noble people who going against each other for power, leadership, or control. However, Antony, in his speech, questions the motives of the conspirators and reminds the crowd of Caesar's benevolent actions and of his refusal to accept the crown.
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